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Full text of "Mathematical And Physical Papers - Iii"

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variable, depending as they did upon the thickness of the plate by which they were formed, whereas the bands belonging to the first system were always the same. Besides, were these bands due to interference, there is no reason why they should be confined to one region of the spectrum, and that by no means the brightest. However, to take away all possible doubts respecting the nature of the bands, I detached a small scale from the crystal, and having placed it behind a slit in a beam of sunlight condensed by a lens, I analysed the transmitted light by a prism. Were the bands really due to absorption, they ought to be more distinct in the transmitted light, whereas, were they of the nature of Von Wrede's bands, ttiey ought to be faint, and almost imperceptible. The spectrum of the transmitted light contained however four dark bands, which were well defined and intensely black. The whole of the spectrum beyond the place of the next band was absorbed, which is the reason why four bands only were visible.
145.    The absorption bands  of green  uranite, though they showed great regularity with respect to their positions, did not appear very regular with regard to their intensities.    The second, fifth and sixth seemed to me to be more conspicuous than the first, third  and  fourth.    I cannot say for certain  whether this ought to be attributed to fluctuations in the absorbing power of the medium, or fluctuations in the original intensity of the solar spectrum, but I am strongly inclined to prefer the former view.
146.    The intervals between the absorption bands of green uranite were nearly equal to the  intervals between the bright bands  of which the derived spectrum consisted in the case of yellow uranite.    After having seen both systems, I could not fail to be impressed with the conviction of a most intimate connexion between the causes of the two phenomena, unconnected as at first sight they might appear.    The more I examined the compounds of uranium, the more this conviction was strengthened  in my mind.
147.    Yellow uranite exhibits a system of absorption bands similar to those of green uranite.   Nitrate of uranium also shows a similar system.   In a solution I have observed seven of these bands arranged at regular intervals.   The first absorption band coincided with F, the fifth with G nearly.    The absorption bands may also